Climate change: Solutions exist – let’s use them!

The battle against climate change can be won by using existing technologies, establishing carbon pricing mechanisms, and phasing out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies.

“Solutions exist for many of the problems we face – it’s about the political courage and long-term vision to implement them,” says CEO Peder Holk Nielsen, who is leading Novozymes’ delegation at COP21, in Paris.

“We urgently need a meaningful cost on carbon emissions, designed to effectively alter our behavior, guide our decisions and incentivize solutions.”

Driving down emissions in the transport sector
One of the areas with much room for improvement is the transport sector. There are one billion cars on the planet today and transport accounts for 25% of energy-related CO2 equivalent. By 2050, it is estimated that there will be almost three billion cars on the roads.

Biofuel is the only existing liquid alternative to fossil fuels available at scale today, and holds the potential to provide 30% of all transportation fuels by 2050 – with cellulosic biofuels from waste and agricultural residues reducing emissions by 80-90% compared to gasoline.

“Stable, long-term policies such as biofuel blending mandates are critical to the successful deployment of these low-carbon fuel technologies that should be a core component of each country’s climate strategy,” says Peder Holk Nielsen. “It is critical to reduce emissions significantly within this sector to remain below the 2°C global temperature rise.”

Establishing a level playing field for low-carbon technologies
According to data from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), fossil fuels benefit from global subsidies of some $436bn every year. Ending these inefficient subsidies is an obvious step to cut global carbon emissions. Along with carbon pricing mechanisms, this will enable the global economy to move towards a level playing field on energy costs by internalizing part of the external costs of using energy. This can help diversify energy sources and ensure that low-carbon technologies are properly valued.

“Phasing out inefficient fossil fuel subsidies and pricing CO2 emissions will show the true cost of climate change and create a level playing field for renewable alternatives,” says Peder Holk Nielsen.

Last year, Novozymes’ biological solutions – notably in industrial processes such as agriculture, bioenergy and consumer products such as detergents – helped reduce its customers’ emissions by 60 million tons of CO2. That is equivalent to taking 25 million cars off the road. By 2020, Novozymes is committed to save the world 100 million tons of CO2 a year through customers applying its products, while also reaching six billion people with biological products. Novozymes has also promised to deliver 10 transformative innovations that really change the lives of many people and fulfill ambitious sustainability goals.

Novozymes’ position on COP21 and climate change.

For further information, please contact:
Frederik Bjørndal:


  • The 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) is the latest in a series of annual meetings that review how countries are implementing the Rio Convention, which sets out actions to stabilize atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases
  • Many countries are coming to COP21 with commitments for curbing greenhouse gas emissions
  • Previous COPs have led to landmarks such as the Kyoto Protocol, Montreal Action Plan and Green Climate Fund
  • CEO Peder Holk Nielsen is among the business leaders scheduled to speak on several occasions during the conference, including International New York Times’ Energy for Tomorrow event on Dec. 8-9 and UN Global Compact and others’ Caring for Climate Business Forum during Dec. 7-9.