Published LCA studies

Below is a list of published LCA studies by Novozymes.

​Publication

​Source

Enzymes in general

pdf16Environmental assessment of enzyme use in industrial production – a literature review

​​Journal of Cleaner Production (2012)

​​pdf16Cradle-to-gate assessment of industrial enzymes produced by Novozymes in Denmark

​The ​International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment (2007)

Animal feed

pdf16Profitable protease benefits the environment

​All About Feed (2012)

pdf16​Use of a protease in poultry feed offers promising environmental benefits

​International Journal of Poultry Science (2011)

pdf16Environmental advantages of phytase over inorganic phosphate in poultry feed

​Poultry Punch (2011)

pdf16Environmental assessment of  xylanase used in pig production

​The International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment (2008)

pdf16Environmental assessment of phytase as an alternative to inorganic phosphate in pig feed

The ​International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment (2006)

​Cosmetics

pdf16Biocatalysis – A sustainable method for the production of emollient esters

​International Journal for Applied Science (2008)

Food and beverages

pdf16Socioeconomic assessment of reducing population’s salt intake with meat protein extractsSocioeconomic assessment of reducing population’s salt intake with meat protein extracts

​Sustainability (2012)

pdf16LCA of using Novamyl® for industrial production of steamed bread in China

​Novozymes (2010)

pdf16​Comparative LCA of malt-based beer and 100% barley beer
Also available: Full LCA report, Chinese version, Spanish version

​Brewing & Beverage Industry International (2010)

pdf16Environmental assessment of the use of phospholipase in mozzarella cheese production

The ​International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment (2009)

pdf16Environmental assessment of enzymatic processing of oils and fats

​Inform (2008)

pdf16Environment as a new perspective on the use of enzymes in the food industry

​Food Science & Technology (2008)

Household care

pdf16​Compact detergents in China - A step towards more sustainable laundry

​Household and Personal Care Today (2013)

pdf16Environmental benefits of compacted detergents in China (in Chinese)

​China Cleaning Industry (2013)

pdf16Taking steps towards a phosphate-free future – Comparing the environmental impacts of alternative builder systems with enzymes

​Household and Personal Care Today (2012)

pdf16How enzymes can reduce the impact of liquid detergents

​Household and Personal Products Industry (2010)

pdf16Cost-neutral replacement of surfactants with enzymes – a short-cut to environmental improvement for laundry washing

​Household and Personal Care Today (2007)

pdf16Life cycle assessment supports cold-wash enzymes

​International Journal for Applied Science (2005)

Leather

pdf16Using LCA to document sustainability benefits of enzymes in the leather industry

​SETAC 18th LCA Case Study Symposium (2012)

pdf16Environmental assessment of enzyme application in the tanning industry

​Leather International (2006)

Pulp & paper

pdf16 Environmental assessment of enzyme assisted processing in pulp and paper industry

The ​International  Journal of Life Cycle Assessment (2008)

Textile

pdf16Extended lifetime of cotton clothing with biopolishing

​International Dyer (2015)

pdf16牛仔退浆酵洗一浴法工艺

Garment Washing (2014) - 服装水洗

pdf16Environmental assessment of combined bioblasting (biopolishing) concept

International Dyer (2013)

pdf16Environmental assessment of combined denim washing process

​International Dyer (2012)

pdf16Clean water wanted – and enzymes can contribute to the solution

​Impact (2010)

​​pdf16Comparative LCA of a T-shirt produced with biotechnology and conventional technologyComparative LCA of a T-shirt produced with biotechnology and conventional technology

​​Novozymes (2009)