Business model

Our business is about turning science into sustainable biological solutions in a growing world. We use enzymes and microorganisms as a starting point to unlock business opportunities. From enabling farmers to feed animals more efficiently to creating greener, high-performing solutions for household cleaning, our innovations are paving the way for a better tomorrow.

Our business model and our strategy form the framework for how we use our resources to live up to our purpose, meet our long-term goals and develop meaningful partnerships.


A model for sustainability

The very nature of our solutions means that sustainability is in our DNA as well as being a key part of both our value proposition and business model.

We believe that it is important to optimize our use of resources and minimize our footprint, which is why we set targets for reducing resource consumption and CO2 emissions, both in our own operations and through our customers applying our solutions. From the moment we enter into agreements with our suppliers and partners through to the production process and beyond, sustainability is a key priority.

And our customers appreciate this. Combining our innovative solutions with a strong sustainability ethos creates the kind of differentiator that our customers value.

From the moment they were established in 2015, the UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) have been integral to our business. These goals guide our purpose, our mid-term targets and our long-term commitments.


Because we work so closely with our customers and know that our solutions often have a tremendous impact on their production processes, we see them as partners.

Our starting point is a deep understanding of our customers' needs and those of their consumers. Then we offer biosolutions that fulfill those needs. Biosolutions combine existing products, new technology, digital solutions and a comprehensive service package.

By using Novozymes’ enzymatic and microbial solutions, our customers can save on costs and reduce the environmental footprint of their products and processes. Our solutions have the potential to lower the need for raw materials, conserve resources and improve product quality and effectiveness.


We are driven to seek out and build meaningful partnerships with other influential industry players, for example Bayer and Syngenta in Agriculture and DSM and Adisseo in Animal Health & Nutrition.

These partnerships enable Novozymes to explore and enter new business areas faster and more efficiently by combining our strong innovation know-how and manufacturing expertise with our partners’ strong skills in areas such as screening, testing, data processing and commercialization.


With R&D facilities in multiple regions and commercial teams with strong insights into different markets, we are able to identify enzymes and microorganisms capable of meeting global and regional needs. Every year, our researchers screen thousands of microorganisms to track down the one that produces the enzyme with the exact characteristics we need for a specific solutions. Most of our solutions take between two and five years to progress from idea to market.

We have anchored our specialized Applied Research units in the commercial side of our organization within our two divisions: Consumer Biosolutions and Agriculture and Industrial Biosolutions. This creates a strong connection between the commercial side and R&D. The result is a solid pipeline of impactful solutions with the characteristics our customers are looking for. 


In order to produce large quantities of enzymes, we use fermentation techniques that enable our microorganisms to multiply. Fermentation is a core part of our production process. After recovering enzymes or microbes from the fermentation process, we prepare them for use by our customers, either in the form of liquids or granulates. We produce our enzymes and microbes at 16 plants on four continents, and continuously endeavor to optimize and innovate our production processes to ensure that we get the most out of our production capacity. Thanks to these efforts, our capacity utilization is very high.


By using an efficient supplier management system, we support and encourage our suppliers to apply the same rigorous standards to their processes as we do. We work closely with them to innovate and implement responsible and sustainable solutions.


At Novozymes, we pride ourselves on our high-quality solutions, services and processes. Our close relationships with our customers allow us to anticipate and understand their needs and, consequently, deliver the quality expected of us.

Continuous monitoring and improvement are an integral part of our quality system and a cornerstone of how we advance the solutions and services we offer our customers.

Technical services

Our technical service teams set us apart from the competition because they optimize product use and make the necessary adjustments tailored to the needs of individual customers. This ensures that our customers realize the value they expect.

Our service does not come to an end when our teams leave the customer’s plant. The knowledge our teams gain from working closely with customers feeds back into our pipeline and goes into improving future innovations. In this way, our relationships with customers are key to measuring our progress and helping us to rethink tomorrow.

Commercial execution

Every interaction we have with our customers is an opportunity to learn more about their needs and engage in dialogue about our solutions. We leverage this in-depth understanding of our customers’ products and production processes when selling our enzymes and microorganisms, because we know exactly how our solutions can make a difference to the customer. Take Bioenergy as an example. Here we provide tailored solutions to ethanol plants where we supplement the technology we sell with technical know-how, bringing additional value to the customer.

With facilities such as our Innovation and Technology Center in Turkey, our Detergent Design Center in India and our Customer Experience center in China, we are able to showcase to customers exactly how our solutions work for their specific product or industry. The close proximity to customers in these regions is also a great advantage when presenting new solutions to existing and new markets.

Traditionally, we market most of our solutions in direct interaction with customers, but digital go-to-market strategies are becoming increasingly important, and we are constantly looking to optimize how we make customers aware of the benefits of our solutions and services. We are available and open for dialogue through social media, at trade events and via our owned digital channels such as


Distribution of Novozymes’ products differs from one business area to the next. In Bioenergy and Household Care, most products are dispatched directly from Novozymes to our customers. Within Agriculture, Animal Health & Nutrition, distribution is carried out by our industry partners. Food, Beverages & Human Health and Technical markets are more fragmented, with a mixed distribution setup.

Monetary streams

Novozymes’ revenue comes from sales of enzymes and microorganisms. Product prices include the cost of technical services. Around 13% of our sales revenue is reinvested in R&D, benefiting both innovation and production economy. Novozymes’ largest costs are direct production costs and R&D. When it comes to shareholder returns, we have a target dividend payout ratio of around 50%. We also conduct regular share buyback programs to provide returns for investors.




Macrotrends that impact our business

Novozymes’ growth and long-term success are influenced by developments around the world that translate into global macrotrends. Some of these trends present potential opportunities while others present potential risks, all of which inform and shape our innovation and operational strategies.

Transition to sustainable agriculture


A growing population, shifting consumer preferences and climate change-related supply chain disruptions are putting increased pressure on global food supplies. At the same time, agriculture is in competition for land with other uses (e.g. urbanization). For these reasons, the agricultural sector is seeing growing demand for new and innovative sustainable food production solutions.

Our response to the trend

Many of Novozymes’ solutions are making a significant contribution to the transition to sustainable agriculture, and this remains a key focus area for innovation. Our products containing naturally occurring microbes help farmers globally increase their crop productivity while reducing the dependence on chemicals. Read more about our solutions here.

Energy transition


Rapid urbanization and a growing population are driving up demand for electricity, heat and transportation. The global movement toward a low-carbon economy and the fight against climate change are triggering a major shift in the global energy system. The cost of renewable energy is falling, and the world is increasingly exploring low-carbon alternatives to fossil fuels.

Our response to the trend

Novozymes’ response to the global energy transition is supported by our commitment to increase the share of renewables in our energy mix. As members of the RE100 initiative, we aim to source 100% renewable electricity by 2030. Additionally, our Bioenergy solutions address the need for low-carbon alternatives in the transportation sector, which is still heavily dependent on fossil fuels. Read more about our Bioenergy solutions here.

Shifting demographics and urbanization


The global economy is currently driven by three key demographic factors: rapid urbanization, a growing middle class in emerging economies and an aging population in most developed economies. Patterns of consumption are also becoming more varied and complex, particularly with the widening socioeconomic gap. Consumer-based markets are looking for sustainable solutions that can keep pace with these shifts.

Our response to the trend

Novozymes is partnering with our customers to develop tailor-made solutions to address these changing consumer needs effectively. Our Household Care business, for example, is developing a range of enzymatic solutions that are unique and specific to emerging markets.

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Water scarcity


Global demand for clean water is expected to outstrip supply by 2030, aggravated by climate change-related weather crises and severe pollution. Several regions of the world are experiencing severe water crises. Governments are responding with stricter regulation and surveillance of water management practices, which is driving demand for solutions that reduce water consumption, increase efficiencies and improve wastewater quality.

Our response to the trend

Novozymes is addressing the impacts from our own operations and are adopting a contextual approach to water management. We recently became a signatory to the CEO Water Mandate, to strengthen our commitment to addressing our impact. In addition, Novozymes provides solutions that can address key challenges within water and wastewater treatment. Our products support reducing water pollution by reducing the use of chemicals and make wastewater treatment more efficient.

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Digitalization of the global economy


Digitalization is transforming the world we live in – from the fabric of society to markets and businesses. This disruptive technology enables companies to adopt new ways of manufacturing, boosts production efficiencies and increases the agility and customization of their products and solutions.

Our response to the trend

Novozymes is focused on meeting customer needs better, faster and in a more impactful way through industry-leading digital capabilities. We are driving improved efficiency in production and R&D, and also exploring new transformative business models and solutions through digitalization.

Global action on biodiversity loss


There is a growing global momentum around political, financial and corporate action on reversing biodiversity and nature loss. More than one third of all national governments have committed to reversing biodiversity loss by 2030. The private sector is also responding with ambitious commitments such as “Business for Nature” and companies across the world are beginning to address impacts of deforestation and biodiversity loss through conservation, preservation and nature-based solutions.

Our response to the trend

Many of Novozymes’ solutions minimize our customer’s impacts on nature and biodiversity. We also work to address the biodiversity impacts of our own operations including our supply chain. Novozymes’ position paper on biodiversity articulates how we endorse, acknowledge and respect the principles of the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity and the complementary Nagoya Protocol. Read more here.